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ESL DRIVE provides research ideas, resources and tools for ESL teachers. All ideas, resources and tools are organized by category or topic for quick access. Start Research Formulate your research topic as a question, find out everything whatever has been done in your field, use online directories to find reliable information, accumulate citations and information about the sources for referencing purposes, select, analyze and evaluate information critically, cite your sources by using a standard format, discover new approaches.
There are two types of directories, open and closed. In open directories you can find valuable information. Open directories are free and available for everybody. In closed directories the entries are evaluated by experts of specific fields, therefore the information is of higher quality and is usually more reliable than in open directories or search engines.
Research Ideas There are a few important online research guides that can help you to learn how to get ideas, how to select information, how to focus on a research topic and which method to choose. Such guides will accelerate the whole process of your research.
Linguistics Linguistics focuses on theoretical and applied research in phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, discourse, stylistics, history of language, psychology of language, language and culture, computational linguistics, anthropological linguistics, clinical linguistics, evolutionary linguistics, language acquisition; and a many more. There are useful websites for linguists.
SLA SLA (Second Language Acquisition) requires meaningful interaction in the target language. In the field of second language acquisition language teaching experts sometimes have questions and there are no common agreements about the answers. They are called controversies. Stephen Krashen distinguishes five key hypotheses about second language acquisition.
Online Degrees Online degrees can be earned by the use of a computer connected to the Internet instead of attending college. Online colleges and universities can award Associates, Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral degrees. The popularity of online education is rapidly increasing. Most learners and educators agree that online learning is as good as traditional face-to-face classroom instruction. Online enrollments continue to grow at faster rates than it had been predicted. It is vital to choose the right institution for the right person and to avoid diploma mills. Invest in your future – choose the right major to study.
Conferences Conferences give an opportunity for exchange of ideas. Conferences are organized by a group of researchers with common interests. Call for Papers is usually announced well in advance. Prospective presenters are usually informed when and how to submit their abstracts. There is a lot of information online about conferences, conventions, workshops, events and business meetings in various fields.
Digital Libraries In digital libraries information is stored in digital formats. The digital content may be accessed remotely via computer networks. Digital libraries can store much more information than traditional libraries. Many digital libraries are available to the general public either for free or for a small fee. There are quite a few good digital libraries in America, Europe, Australia and Asia. All of them contain useful information.
Journals Journals are peer-reviewed, refereed periodicals which focus on specific research fields. There are quite a few journals of high quality which publish research in the following areas: second language teaching methodologies, second language acquisition, second language assessment, pragmatics, discourse analysis, sociolinguistics, second language teacher education, CALL, ESP, etymology, general linguistics, psychology, philosophy of language, language policy, and reviews of papers, books and dissertations.
Search Engines and Directories Search engines look for data that match your keywords. Search engine results are determined by software while directories are sorted out by human hand and may be more reliable.
Acronyms Acronyms are abbreviations. They are usually formed by using the initial letters of words, but there are some other ways too. There are different types of acronyms. There are initialisms, alphabetisms, backronyms, apronyms, anacronyms, laser acronyms, pseudo-acronyms and buzzword acronyms. Most ESL related acronyms were generated by teachers and linguists at English language schools, colleges, universities, language associations and research institutes: CALL, MALL, TELL, IELTS, LISA, NEST, SALT, CLEAR, CARLA, ALTE, TEFLA, DRIVE, VESL, AILA, WEFT, TYLE, ACCESS, EAQUALS, ACT, ACE, EAT, CAT, CAN, EAP, STT, CLT, RP, TL, L2, ME, BE, etc. More...
Protect Your Files Store securely files online. Your information is a part of you and you want to protect your information from disasters, accidents, viruses or thefts. What will you do if your computer crashes or is stolen? Do you know that there are a few reliable online file storage services which can host large files without any particular software?
Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory Vygotsky's theory emphasized the influence of culture, peers, and adults on the developing child. To understand this influence, Vygotsky proposed the "zone of proximal development." This zone refers to the difference in a child's performance when she attempts a problem on her own compared with when an adult or older child provides assistance. More...
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