Plagiarism If we steal thoughts from the moderns, it will be cried down as plagiarism; if from the ancients, it will be cried up as erudition. - Charles Caleb Colton
What is Plagiarism
Plagiarism occurs when a writer duplicates another writer's language or ideas and then calls the work his or her own. Copyright laws protect writers' words as their legal property. To avoid the charge of plagiarism, writers take care to credit those from whom they borrow and quote. Note: Similar theft in music or other arts is also called plagiarism. - The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, (2005) Third Edition, Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
In schools, colleges and universities plagiarism is a very serious offense and it should result in penalties such as reducing or not passing grades on assignments. However, many students cheat because they believe that dishonesty is okay to achieve success in modern society. Teachers (and institutions) sometimes also cheat, so as to inflate the results of tests given in their classrooms. There are various motives for that.
Causes of Plagiarism
The most common causes of plagiarism:
1. Not enough time to accomplish an assignment.
2. No or poor language skills.
3. Not understanding plagiarism and copyright issues.
4. No citation skills.
5. No anti-plagiarism policy and no punishment rules in secondary schools.
Types of Plagiarism
It is commonly believed that there are two basic 'types' of plagiarism: 1. Intentional. 2. Unintentional. It is often hard to establish the degree of 'intentionality' or 'unintentionality.' Some researchers differentiate collusion – a secret agreement for fraudulent or treacherous purposes: either the paper was written jointly and presented as if done individually or done and corrected by someone else.
How to Check Plagiarism
There is no ideal and 100% reliable plagiarism detection software. Some educators argue that many online companies dealing with anti-plagiarism are simply not honest. In Chronicle.com we can find the following information: “Two online services that help professors check student papers for plagiarism, PlagiServe.com and EduTie.com, appear to have ties to websites that sell term papers to students. The two services might be secretly selling the very papers that they claim to check” [See the article written by Jeffrey R. Young. Anti-Plagiarism Experts Raise Questions about Services with Links to Sites Selling Papers].
How to Prevent Plagiarism
Teachers should explain their students what plagiarism is and how harmful it can be. At least one lecture should be devoted to plagiarism. Students often plagiarize because they usually do not know what to write and how to write. Many students do not know how to start. The reason for that could be that the teacher did not spend enough time to explain step-by-step academic research process and did not give practical advice. There is reliable online information about modern plagiarism, intentional versus accidental plagiarism, prevalent forms of plagiarism among students, plagiarism detection tools and useful tips how to avoid plagiarism. Meet the expert and learn from the expert. READ MORE...
The Plagiarism Checker
Copy and paste your students' assignments into the box and click the 'Check the paper' button. This free online plagiarism checker will find plagiarized text within seconds.
Turnitin Plagiarism Detection Software Turnitin is widely used in academia. It requires no installation. Turnitin compares over 9 billion web pages. http://www.turnitin.com
Glatt Glatt Plagiarism Services, Inc. produce three different software Programs to help deter and detect plagiarism. http://www.plagiarism.com/
Detecting Image Misuse
Tin Eye The best available free tool for detecting image misuse is the visual search engine Tineye. You either upload the image or give a URL for it, Tineye then scours its database looking for images that are either exact duplicates or very close. http://www.tineye.com/
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