The fastest way to learn essential English vocabulary. Students will learn English vocabulary from the list of 5000 most common words and expressions by watching vocabulary videos at intermediate to advanced level. To learn more, click HERE...
Performance appraisals ready-to-use phrases can help you write professional and impressive appraisals. Remember that others are able to write better appraisals and get the promotion probably because they use phrases from guidebooks. Get a comprehensive list of phrases covering most of the categories of KPIs used by many companies worldwide. To download, click HERE...
Complete Guide to Securing a Job at an International School
A step-by-step detailed guide reveals how to get a stress-free teaching job abroad. If you want to see the world, make good money and have a stress-free life, go on reading. To read more, click HERE...
Increase Brain Power
Discover what force is required to change your psychic reality into a physical reality, how to improve your life while sleeping, how you can heal people across the world with the power of the mind, how to do an E-Prime exercise to increase your brain power, how to use EFT (Emotional Freedom Technique) to remove fear, and much more... To get more details, click HERE...
Online Foundation Courses
They usually cover several areas. One of the most popular online foundation courses is Math Foundation. It is a Basic Math and Pre-Algebra course. It covers Whole Numbers Arithmetic, Fractions, Decimals, Proportions, Measurements, Basic Statistics, Real Numbers, Introductory Algebra and Geometry. Students can join Math Foundation for access to all course modules. Math Foundation offers 24/7 support for any questions or problems pertaining to the course material or use of the program. Students can access Math Foundation from any computer on the internet via your username and password. To learn more about Math Foundation courses, click HERE...
Ginger Software is the leading contextual grammar and spell checker on the market today. Based on a full sentence context, Ginger can automatically correct severe spelling and grammatical mistakes at an unmatched success rate. It enables users to produce error-free texts, quickly and easily. The product operates as an online service and supports MS-Word, MS-Outlook, MS-PowerPoint, Internet Explorer and Firefox. Ginger Software's mission is to facilitate error-free writing, particularly for those who use English as a second language, or for those with learning difficulties like dyslexia. A unique text-correction algorithm automatically analyzes the context of errors in written English and selects the most appropriate semantic and grammatical correction. To learn more, click HERE...
Automated Income Stream System
In the 'Automated Income Streams Home Study Course' you will get the tools and everything that you need in order to do it for yourself. The workbook and the DVD have been put together to show you how and why the Automated Income Stream System has evolved into such a powerful money-getting system. To learn more, click HERE...
English Teaching Philosophy
Every teacher is a personality and has his or her own philosophy about teaching and learning. I spent my life travelling, studying, and teaching in such culturally diverse countries like China, Australia, Cyprus, Papua New Guinea, Lithuania, Denmark, Poland, Italy, UK, Russia, Germany, United States, Brazil, Thailand, Singapore, Oman, and a few more. I believe that travelling and working in culturally diverse environments is one of the most effective ways of shaping a personality.
Most people say that I possess an open, accessible personality which has been a major asset in my dealings with colleagues and students in a variety of professional contexts. I am aware of and sensitive to the problems and issues involved in inter-cultural communication and relations, at both personal and professional levels. I usually accept criticism and differences of opinions in a positive manner and I often learn from my colleagues, as well as from my students.
My basic field of interest is linguistic pragmatics and cross-cultural communication: the relationships between social and cultural structures, the study of social conflict, and the analysis of face-to-face interaction. At present I am particularly interested in the field of language teaching as cultural semiotic practice. In my view, the transmission of information through a foreign language is embedded in a universe of signs that are only partially verbal, and increasingly visual, based on gestures and even electronics. In particular, computer technology is redefining teaching, not only learning, in ways that need to be researched. It offers new ways of representing and mediating the language, culture, and power relation in language teaching around the world.
There were a few individuals in my life whose theories of Second Language Acquisition (SLA) and research in the field of TEFL/TESL have had a profound impact on me as a language facilitator. At first - Noam Chomsky and Geoffrey Leech; at a later stage - Stephen Krashen and Claire Kramsch.
Noam Chomsky’s theories inspired me as a linguist, particularly his transformational linguistics which has been very influential in psycholinguistics, in the study of language acquisition by children. I was fascinated by his formulated transformational rules, which transform a sentence with a given grammatical structure (e.g., “Peter saw Jane”) into a sentence with a different grammatical structure but the same essential meaning (“Jane was seen by Peter”). This brought me to an idea that sentences conform not only to grammatical rules peculiar to a particular language, but also to deep structures peculiar to all human languages and corresponding to an innate capacity of the human brain. This idea led me to further investigation into the relationships between language and thought, and encouraged me to raise such questions as ‘Do we learn a second language, or do we acquire it?’ The above interests led me to pragmatics and linguistic stylistics, and these fields became my basic focus in the late 80s. Therefore, at that time I was much influenced by Geoffrey Leech, especially by his books ‘Principles of Pragmatics” and “English in Advertising”. My doctorate dissertation was based on lingo-pragmatic research of the feature article as a genre of English newspaper style.
Stephen Krashen’s theory of second language acquisition enabled me to answer many questions related to ESL teaching, and one of his statements that "language acquisition does not require extensive use of conscious grammatical rules, and does not require tedious drill” became my motto. I believe that second language acquisition requires meaningful, natural interaction and learners are concerned not with the form of their utterances but with the messages they are conveying and understanding.
The research conducted by Claire Kramsch influenced me, too. Such books like “Context and Culture in Language Teaching” and “Language and Culture” influenced me as an ESL teacher. Language is a part of culture and I share the opinion with Claire Kramsch who underlines the importance of cultural component of language teaching.
Teaching English as a second language requires from me broad knowledge of many fields such as science and technology, business and computing, career and vocational education, mass media and communication, society and environment, philosophy and ethics, psychology, medicine, etiquette, literature, geography, history, culture, art, sports and recreation. I relate my personal knowledge and life experience to various topics, and I discuss these topics with my students in the classroom. I perform brainstorming, set the scenarios and arrange debates from various viewpoints. Such debates expand students’ knowledge about the world and improve their language skills. They also develop their imagination, creativity and critical thinking skills. Students study in teams and they learn from each other.
I believe that all educated people must have some basic knowledge about life and its relationship with the environment. Language is a means of learning about the world so I believe that language is most effectively mastered in the meaningful context which stimulates students to think and study through the use of the target language. My teaching experience showed that in-class examples and discussions, case analyses, experiential exercises and class projects enable students to feel more confident and their learning becomes not only interesting but also efficient. They find information they need and solve specific problems in their target language. Specific tasks that I usually give to my students include identifying resources to be used to collect information, generating possible solutions, analyzing the solutions and presenting the solutions either orally or in writing. In my classroom students continually interact with each other, try new things, build connections, share ideas, and learn from each other.
It is also important to teach students how to study. Students should know some basic facts about language acquisition. In fact, they do not 'learn' a language; they 'acquire' it. Acquiring a language means that students 'pick up' certain skills, not just memorize information – grammar rules, words, phrases and syntactical structures. Acquiring a language is like acquiring swimming skills: the person must not only understand the ideas and concepts, have information at hand; the person must also make his or her body adapted to using that information in physical activity. In the case of language acquisition, the physical activity involved is listening, speaking, reading, writing and body language (or, to be more precise – paralanguage, i.e. mimics, gestures, facial expressions and many other paralinguistic aspects). I explain to my students that they need not only to memorize and understand but also to practice in order to 'pick up' certain skills.
Language is a part of our thinking, therefore, my task is to develop learners’ thinking skills. I try to ask my students critical thinking questions from all levels. Some of my questions can be challenging in content or in form; some other questions can be difficult because students’ vocabulary is not rich enough. However, I always try to adjust questions that are age and level appropriate. At the beginner’s level I prepare responses to some of the most challenging questions by using yes/no or embedded questions. I use pictures, drawings and diagrams which help students to give the correct answers. Responses to these questions are generally right in the handout. At the intermediate level I put more emphasis on comprehension. This level shows that the student has understood the facts and can interpret them. Students are asked to classify, compare, contrast and illustrate. At the advanced level my teaching is based on directing learners’ attention to application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation. At this level students learn to solve problems by using previously acquired skills and experience. They learn how to classify, contrast, compare and categorize these facts; in addition, they solve problems and evaluate results.
The teacher has to decide which method, or a combination of methods, can be applied during the different stages of the teaching process. The selection is determined by the students’ age, educational background, the subject, the class size, the school requirements, the learning objectives, and some other factors.
I believe that the quality of teaching has a significant impact on students' behaviour and motivation. Motivation is an unconscious, psychological process that varies by individual over time, and its degree usually depends on attitude. Both attitude and motivation are also social processes and they are influenced by individual experiences and cultural background of students. In my opinion, motivation can be generated through effective curriculum, good learning materials and teaching strategies. The teacher must gain the students’ attention by supplying them with stimulating activities and using a range of teaching strategies.
Student motivation can be a difficult task for the teacher. My students usually perceive the content of my lessons as relevant to their objectives. I try to design learning objectives in such a way as to make them achievable and to continually build my students’ confidence. I motivate students by using various strategies such as learner-centred activities, cooperative learning, informal assessments and open communication. I also explain to my students why they need to learn certain things.
There are two basic categories of problems that I usually need to solve: general problems related to communication (also education), and specific problems related to language teaching and learning. General problems are common to teachers of all subjects: class participation, homework, complaints, cheating and sometimes behaviour management, such as aggressiveness. Specific problems are related to peculiarities of a subject: ways of teaching speaking, reading, listening, writing, material design, testing and assessment. All language teachers have to deal with both categories of problems at schools, colleges and universities.
Teaching of young people places me directly in the line of shaping their lives throughout education. I am an educator and a life-long learner therefore I have a passion for learning and learners. I believe that a true learner is not satisfied until he has shared all his knowledge with his students. Teaching is a consistent, two-sided process of learning and sharing. I often learn from my students by getting feedback from them. In addition, I believe it is important for me to talk with my colleagues to get support and feedback, to learn from their experiences, to be open to new methods and strategies, and to seek out professional development opportunities at conferences, workshops or seminars.
In general, I think that teaching should be organized in such a way that whatever is offered by the teacher is perceived by his or her students as a valuable gift but not as a hard, repulsive duty.
With these ideas in mind, I believe that the call to teach and educate is one of the greatest missions in life and an extremely significant vocation.
Dr. Algirdas Makarevicius PhD, Linguistics
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Learn how to take back your life, fire your boss, stay home with your children and make your family be proud of you. To learn more, click HERE...
The Encyclopedia of Self-Improvement gives information of the top experts. You can get your hands on the greatest and most powerful self help resources. It contains more than five hundred most popular inspirational quotes on the web. To learn more, click HERE...
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English Language Learning
ESL students can learn how to speak, read and write any foreign language fast by using a dazzling new range of mind tricks and memory techniques. To learn more, click HERE...
Resources to help students prepare for literature examinations Grades 11-13, Sixth Form, Further Education College. Examinations: International Baccalaureate, US Advanced Placement and UK GCE Advanced Level. To learn more, click HERE....
Reliable English Teaching and Research Resources: Textbooks, Software, Dictionaries, and more...
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